Monday, 18 November 2013

Speakout Advanced p 49. CHANGING COUNTRIES. Extra Multiple Choice Cloze


(0) ________ a new life and hoping for a significant (1) ________ in their standard of living, foreign workers began flocking into Western Europe during the 1950s. In Britain, some of the first immigrants arriving from the West Indies and the Indian subcontinent were welcomed by brass bands, but the dream of a new life soon (2) ________ sour for many.
Attracted by the promise to earn good money and learn new skills, the reality they found was often one of low wages and, in many (3) ________, unemployment. Some did not adapt (4) ________ to life in a country of cold weather, cold welcomes and discrimination. The (5) ________ of West Indian immigrants (6) ________into the inner cities, areas that were already fraught with social tensions caused by poverty and (7) ________ housing. There were cases of open hostility towards the newcomers; in 1958, riots (8) ________ out in Notting Hill, West London, when gangs of white youths began taunting immigrants.
Yet despite the (9) ________ difficulties they encountered, many foreign workers did manage to (10)________ to their new conditions, settling in their new adopted country and prospering. Their contribution had the effect not only of speeding up the (11)__________ of economic change in the postwar period, it also (12)__________ Western Europe into a multiracial society.



0  A Searching
B Wishing
C Seeking
D Leading
1  A switch
B change
C modification
D variation
2  A turned
B converted
C switched
D changed
3  A occasions
B examples
C ways
D cases
4  A closely
B greatly
C easily
D normally
5  A most
B percentage
C majority
D number
6  A changed
B lived
C arrived
D moved
7  A poor
B low
C few
D weak
8  A broke
B carried
C came
D started
9  A several
B high
C numerous
D heavy
10 A amend
B adjust
C turn
D alter
11 A growth
B motion
C pace
D step
12 A transformed
B transferred
C modified
D shifted


KEY

1. B
  • Flock: to go or gather together somewhere in large numbers. E.g. Thousands of people flocked to the beach this weekend. Huge numbers of birds had flocked together by the lake.

  • Brass (Sp. latón): the musical instruments made of metal, such as trumpets or French horns, that form a band or section of an orchestra; the people who play them. E.g. music for piano, strings and brass.
  • Brass band: a group of musicians who play brass instruments. E.g. The village brass band plays regular concerts.
2. A 



3. D 



4. C 



5. C 



6. D
  • Fraught with something: /frɔːt/ filled with something unpleasant. Sp. Lleno de E.g. a situation fraught with danger/difficulty/problems.



7. A 



8. A   
  • Break out: (of war, fighting, disease or other unpleasant events) to start suddenly. E.g. They had escaped to America shortly before war broke out in 1939. Fighting had broken out between rival groups of fans. Fire broke out during the night. The plague broke out in England in 1348 claiming many lives on its initial visit.
  • Taunt: /tɔːnt/ to try to make somebody angry or upset by saying unkind things about them, laughing at their failures, etc. Sp. Burlarse de. E.g. The other kids continually taunted him about his size.



9. C 



10. B 
  • Settle in/into something: to move into a new home, job, etc. and start to feel comfortable there. E.g. How are the kids settling into their new school? It's not always easy for a new player to settle in. 



11. C 



12. A

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